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Onions have different day length requirements depending on the type of onion seed you plant. A long day onion requires more hours of light to produce a bulb. Most people in zone 6 or colder should plant long day onions and most people in zone 7 or warmer should plant short day onions. You can check what zone you are in through the USDA's Plant Hardiness Map.
Intermediate day onions like Cabernet can grow in latitudes from 35 to 45 degrees and provide medium to large size bulbs. They offer earlier harvest than long day onions. Direct seed early spring when soil is workable, or transplanted in late February to March in short season areas, the bulbs reach up to 8 ounces and can store for up to 4 months. Perfect for burgers, salads, or soups. 93 days.
Planted in the spring for a summer harvest, this vigorous blue-green bunching onion has tremendous vigor. Sow repeatedly over a two to three week period in order to harvest over a longer period of time. Perfect for salads, omelets, and soups. Plants can grow to larger sizes in the Northern areas, so harvest when young for bunching. 70 days.
Just about everyone has heard of Vidalia onions which are grown in Georgia, and are perhaps the sweetest in the country. They are low in pungency, with a flattened shape with light yellow skin. Planted in the fall in the South for early summer harvest. 125 days.
Long sweet green stems are non-bulbing, and are perfect for bunching. Can overwinter, or can be planted in the spring for a summer harvest. Sow them over a two to three week period in order to harvest over a longer period of time. Perfect for salads, or stir fry. 70 days.
This is the first-ever All America winning echalion shallot. It has a beautiful copper-pink outer skin, and an even more attractive rosy-purple inner skin. French chefs love this type of shallot because they are easy to peel, have more interesting flavors, and caramelize easily when heated. Perfect to plant in the garden, or sell at a farmers market. Plants reach 24 to 30 inches, and the bulb is 4-5 inches in length. Can be grown in a container as well. Space 3 to 4 inches apart. Transplant in March, or direct seed in April or May. 90 to 100 days.
Scarlet Bandit is a bunching variety that you will enjoy growing and eating. Some call it the most beautiful onion in the world. Scarlet bulbs with red and white speckles that will dazzle and impress you when dressing up a salad. The bandit can overwinter in mild climates. Direct seed just after final frost, or seed indoors and transplant. 69 days direct seeded.